Type 1 diabetes used to lớn be called juvenile diabetes because it is often diagnosed in children và adolescents. However, it can also appear in adulthood. Many of the symptoms of the disease are similar lớn those of type 2 diabetes. Therefore, it can be difficult to know exactly which type you have.
Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the immune system destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. These are called beta cells. This condition is often diagnosed in children & young adults. So it is juvenile diabetes. Another condition called secondary diabetes is like type 1, but beta cells are destroyed by certain factors such as injury khổng lồ the pancreas instead of by the immune system. Both of these are different from type 2 diabetes, in which the body toàn thân does not respond khổng lồ insulin.
Type 1 diabetes is often diagnosed in children and adolescents. However, people of all races & ethnicities can develop type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes in adults is most common among people of Northern European descent. An adult may have a higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes if either parent or sibling has the disease.
Insulin is a hormone that helps move sugar or glucose into the body"s tissues. The cells will use it for fuel, the beta cell damage from type 1 diabetes interrupts the process và the glucose doesn"t move into the cells because there is no insulin to do its job. Instead, it builds up in the blood và hungry cells. This causes high blood sugar which can lead to a number of conditions such as: Dehydration : When there is more sugar in the blood, the body toàn thân urinates more. That"s the body"s way of releasing it. A large amount of water that passes out with the urine causes the body toàn thân to become dry (dehydrated). Weight loss: The glucose that goes out when urinating will lose the calories it provides the body. That"s why many people have high blood sugar và still lose weight. Và another reason is dehydration.
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Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA): When the body doesn"t get enough glucose for fuel, it breaks down fat cells instead. This produces chemicals that are keto. The liver releases the sugar it stores for support. But the body can"t use it without insulin, so it builds up in the blood along with acidic ketones. The mixture of glucose, dehydration, & acid accumulation is called ketoacidosis. This condition can be life-threatening if not treated right away. Damage to the body: High levels of glucose in the blood over time can damage the nerves and small blood vessels in the eyes, kidneys, & heart. They can also make people more likely to lớn have hardening of the arteries or atherosclerosis, or possibly lead to heart attacks và strokes. There is no specific method khổng lồ prevent type 1 diabetes. Doctors & researchers say genes may play a big role in the cause of the disease. Type 1 diabetes can occur along with other autoimmune diseases such as Graves" disease or vitiligo.
Type 1 diabetes in adults often has no obvious signs. But they can become serious when the following signs are present: Extreme thirst Increased hunger (especially after eating) Dry mouth Abdominal pain và vomiting Frequent urination Unexplained weight loss Fatigue unusual tiredness or weakness Heavy or fruity breath Ease of skin, urinary tract or vaginal infections Irritability và mood swings Confusion or loss of consciousness (this is very rare).
Diagnosing type 1 diabetes is not always easy when the patient is an adult. Because symptoms take longer to appear in adults than in children. Specialist doctors will use a number of tests to diagnose type 1 diabetes such as: Glycated hemoglobin (A1c) test. This test measures the average blood sugar level over 2 khổng lồ 3 months. If you have an A1c cấp độ of 6.5 or higher on two separate periods, you may have diabetes Random blood sugar test. It checks blood sugar at random times of the day. A cấp độ of 200mg/dL or higher is a sign of illness. Fasting blood sugar test. The demo is done in the morning, before eating. A level of 126mg/dL or higher on two tests is a sign of disease.
Besides that, the doctor can kiểm tra some other indicators such as antibodies, look for ketones... Treatment for type 1 diabetes involves injecting insulin every day, because the body toàn thân no longer produces insulin. At the same time, monitor blood sugar in the blood. In addition, patients should exercise regularly to maintain a healthy weight và keep blood sugar levels within the normal range. In addition, the doctor will give recommendations on a nutritious, healthy menu khổng lồ help control blood sugar better.
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Type 1 diabetes can lead lớn other problems if not well controlled. & it will have complications: Cardiovascular disease: Diabetes can put you at high risk of blood clots as well as high blood pressure & cholesterol. These conditions can lead to lớn chest pain, heart attack, stroke, or heart failure. Skin problems: People with diabetes are more likely to have bacterial or fungal infections. In addition, the disease can also cause blistering or a rash. Gum disease: Lack of saliva, too much plaque, và poor blood flow can cause dental problems. Pregnancy problems: Women with type 1 diabetes are at increased risk of premature birth, birth defects, stillbirth, and preeclampsia. Retinopathy: Eye problems occur in about 80% of adults who have had type 1 diabetes for more than 15 years. However, this pathology is quite rare during puberty, regardless of the long history of the disease. To lớn prevent complications and maintain good vision, it is important lớn control blood sugar, blood pressure, cholesterol và triglycerides.
Nephropathy: About 20-30% of people with type 1 diabetes develop kidney disease. The risk of disease increases over time. It is likely to appear 15-25 years after the onset of diabetes. In addition, it can lead to lớn other serious problems such as kidney failure or heart disease. Poor blood flow và nerve damage. Nerves are damaged và arteries harden leading khổng lồ loss of sensation và lack of blood supply khổng lồ the legs. This increases the risk of injury và makes it harder for open wounds lớn heal. When this happens, it can cause digestive problems like nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Reference source: webmd.com
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