Around seven out of ten Americans (72%) use social truyền thông sites such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, LinkedIn, và Pinterest, up from 26% in 2008. <26> <189>. On social media sites, users may develop biographical profiles, communicate with friends và strangers, bởi research, & share thoughts, photos, music, links, và more.

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Proponents of social networking sites say that the online communities promote increased interaction with friends & family; offer teachers, librarians, và students valuable access lớn educational tư vấn and materials; facilitate social và political change; and disseminate useful information rapidly.

Opponents of social networking say that the sites prevent face-to-face communication; waste time on frivolous activity; alter children’s brains and behavior making them more prone lớn ADHD; expose users to lớn predators lượt thích pedophiles và burglars; and spread false và potentially dangerous information. Read more background…

Pro & Con Arguments

Pro 1

Social truyền thông media spreads information faster than any other media.

78.5% of traditional truyền thông media reporters polled used social media to kiểm tra for breaking news. <190> 59% of Twitter users & 31% of Facebook users polled followed breaking news on these sites. <191> Social truyền thông sites are one of the đứng đầu news sources for 46% of Americans, compared khổng lồ 66% for television, 26% for printed newspapers, and 23% for radio. <192> Social truyền thông media users have been responsible for reporting events before traditional truyền thông outlets, including the Paris attacks in France on Nov. 13, năm ngoái (Twitter, Facebook, & Vine), <193> the Ebola outbreak in Nigeria & Sierra Leone in July năm trước (Twitter), <194> the Boston marathon bombing on Apr. 15, 2013 (Twitter), <195> & the Aurora, CO, theater shooting on July 20, 2012 (Twitter và YouTube). <3> President Donald Trump said that the immediacy that Twitter affords him is the reason why he tweets, noting that press conferences và press releases take too long lớn reach the public. <271>

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Pro 2

Law enforcement uses social truyền thông media to catch & prosecute criminals.

73% of federal, state, & local law enforcement professionals surveyed think “social truyền thông helps solve crimes more quickly.” <196> A survey by the International Association of Chiefs of Police found that 85% of police departments use social truyền thông to solve crimes. <199> The thành phố new york Police Department was one of the first forces to showroom a Twitter tracking unit & use social networking khổng lồ arrest criminals who have bragged of their crimes online. <6> Social truyền thông sites have helped in the prosecution và conviction of a number of crimes, including: a professional soccer player charged with inappropriate activity with a minor in the UK in 2016, <197> a gang charged with the beating of a gay couple in Philadelphia, PA, in 2014, <198> and rioting hockey fans in Vancouver (Canada) in 2011. <7><8>

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Pro 3

Social media sites help students bởi better at school.

59% of students with access to lớn the mạng internet report that they use social truyền thông media to discuss educational topics and 1/2 use the sites khổng lồ talk about school assignments. <9> After George Middle School in Portland, Oregon, introduced a social truyền thông media program lớn engage students, grades went up by 50%, chronic absenteeism went down by 33%, and 20% of students school-wide voluntarily completed extra-credit assignments.<10><11> A Jan. 2015 study published in the Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology said college freshman should use social networking sites to lớn build networks of new friends, feel socially integrated at their new schools, & reduce their risk of dropping out. <182>

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Pro 4

Social truyền thông allows people to improve their relationships & make new friends.

93% of adults on Facebook use it khổng lồ connect with family members, 91% use it to lớn connect with current friends, and 87% use it lớn connect with friends from the past. <274> 72% of all teens connect with friends via social media. <200> 81% of teens age 13 to 17 reported that social truyền thông makes them feel more connected khổng lồ the people in their lives, & 68% said using it makes them feel supported in tough times. <288> 57% of teens have made new friends online. <200>

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Pro 5

Social truyền thông helps empower business women.

Being able to lớn connect on social networking sites gives business women a support group not readily found offline, where female CEOs of Fortune 500 companies are outnumbered by male CEOs 474 to 26. <201> Many social truyền thông sites are dominated by women: 80% of Pinterest users, <202> 70% of Snapchat users, <204> 68% of Instagram users, <203> 64% of Twitter users, & 58% of Facebook users, are women. <205> Business women use Twitter chats to support each other, give and receive peer knowledge, và have guest “speakers” giới thiệu expert knowledge. <17> helps African women entrepreneurs connect on social truyền thông media to grow their businesses. <18>

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Pro 6

Social media sites help employers find employees & job-seekers find work.

96% of recruiters use social truyền thông media in the recruiting process; 87% use LinkedIn, 55% use Facebook, & 47% use Twitter. <206> 48% of job-seekers credit social truyền thông for helping find their current job. <207> 67% of job-seekers use Facebook for the job search, 45% use Twitter, và 40% use LinkedIn. <208> 69% of students use social media when finding internships. <209>

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Pro 7

Being a part of a social truyền thông site can increase a person’s quality of life và reduce the risk of health problems.

Social media can help improve life satisfaction, stroke recovery, memory retention, and overall well-being by providing users with a large social group. Additionally, friends on social media can have a “contagion” effect, promoting & helping with exercise, dieting, và smoking cessation goals. <22>

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Pro 8

Social truyền thông media facilitates face-to-face interaction.

People use social truyền thông to network at in-person events and get to lớn know people before personal, business, and other meetings. <23> Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project found that messaging on social truyền thông media leads lớn face-to-face interactions when plans are made via the sites và social truyền thông media users messaged close friends an average of 39 days each year while seeing close friends in person 210 days each year. <24>

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Pro 9

Social truyền thông increases voter participation.

Facebook users reported they are more likely to vote if they see on social truyền thông media sites that their friends voted. <25> Amongst students who are somewhat, not sure, or unlikely khổng lồ vote, 35% stated that social truyền thông media was most likely khổng lồ influence them to vote in the năm nhâm thìn presidential election; this was higher than all other mediums including television (30%), radio (14%), print (9%), và direct mail (6%) or e-mail (5%). <210> During the 2012 presidential election, 22% of registered voters posted about how they voted on Facebook or Twitter, 30% were encouraged lớn vote by posts on social media, & 20% encouraged others to vote via social networking sites. <27>

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Pro 10

Social truyền thông facilitates political change.

Social truyền thông gives social movements a quick, no-cost method lớn organize, disseminate information, and mobilize people. <28> Students at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, used social media to mobilize a gun control movement following a deadly shooting at their school. The student activists used Twitter khổng lồ promote nationwide protests on Mar. 24, 2018 that drew over one million participants và registered thousands of new voters. <280><281><282><283> The 2011 Egyptian uprising (part of the Arab Spring), organized largely via social media, motivated tens of thousands of protestors & ultimately led to lớn the resignation of Egyptian President Mubarak on Feb. 11, 2011. <29> A July 4, 2011 tweet from
Adbusters with the hashtag #occupywallstreet started the American Occupy movement. <30><211> In 2015, the black Lives Matter grassroots campaign addressed racism and police brutality in the United States và successfully pressured the năm 2016 presidential candidates to lớn publicly address the issue. <212>

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Pro 11

Social media is good for the economy.

Social truyền thông sites have created a new major industry và thousands of jobs. <31> A McKinsey Global Institute study projected that the communication & collaboration from social truyền thông added between $900 billion và $1.3 trillion to lớn the economy through added productivity and improved customer service. <32> A report by Deloitte found that “Facebook added $227 billion and 4.5 million jobs khổng lồ the global economy in 2014.” <214> Facebook posted $5.38 billion for first quarter 2016 revenue, up from $3.54 billion for first quarter năm ngoái earnings. <213> Snapchat was valued at $24 billion the day its stock began trading on the thủ đô new york Stock Exchange. <270>

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Pro 12

Social truyền thông sites empower individuals lớn make social change & do social good on a community level.

Social truyền thông media shares popularized nine-year old Scottish student, Martha Payne, and her blog, “Never Seconds,” which exposed the state of her school’s lunch program prompting international attention that resulted in changes lớn her school và the formation of “Friends of Never Seconds” charity lớn feed children globally. <35><141> Jeannette Van Houten uses social truyền thông media to find owners of photographs và mementos strewn from houses by Hurricane Sandy. <36> Hillsborough, CA, freshman varsity soccer goalie Daniel Cui was blamed for & bullied about a losing season until over 100 of his teammates and classmates changed their Facebook profile photos khổng lồ one of Cui making a save, silencing the bullies & building Cui’s confidence. <37><38>

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Pro 13

Social truyền thông helps senior citizens feel more connected to society.

According to lớn a năm ngoái Pew Research Center study, the 65 and older age group is one of the fastest growing demographic groups on social media sites, with usage rising from 2% of seniors in 2008 to 35% in 2015. <215> Seniors report feeling happier due to lớn online contact with family & access lớn information lượt thích church bulletins that have moved online and out of print. <39><40>

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Pro 14

Social media helps people who are socially isolated or shy connect with other people.

More than 25% of teens report that social truyền thông makes them feel less shy, 28% report feeling more outgoing, và 20% report feeling more confident (53% of teens identified as somewhat shy or “a lot” shy in general). <14> Youth who are “less socially adept” report that social truyền thông gives them a place to make friends <43> and typically quiet students can feel more comfortable being vocal through a social media platform used in class. <44> Shy adults also cite social truyền thông as a comfortable place to lớn interact with others. <45>

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Pro 15

Social truyền thông allows for quick, easy dissemination of public health và safety information from reputable sources.

The US military & Department of Veterans Affairs use social truyền thông media to help prevent suicide. <46> The World Health Organization (WHO) uses social media to “disseminate health information và counter rumours,” which was especially helpful after the Mar. 2011 Japanese earthquake and nuclear disaster when false information spread about ingesting salt to lớn combat radiation. <47> The Boston Health Commission used social media to get information khổng lồ its 4,500 Twitter followers about clinic locations and wait times for vaccines during the H1N1 outbreak. <48>

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Pro 16

Social truyền thông media can help disarm social stigmas.

The Sticks & Stones campaign uses Twitter to reduce stigmas surrounding mental health & learning disabilities. <49> The Stigma Project uses Facebook khổng lồ “lower the HIV infection rate & neutralize stigma through education via social truyền thông media and advertising.” <50> Gay people speaking openly on social media, lượt thích Facebook site Wipe Out Homophobia, help achieve a greater social acceptance of homosexuality. <51><52> Jenny Lawson, tác giả of the blog “The Bloggess” and thành phố new york Times bestseller Let’s Pretend This Never Happened, has made public her struggles with OCD, depression, và anxiety disorders, which has lessened the stigma of the diseases for others. <53>

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Pro 17

“Crowdsourcing” and “crowdfunding” on social truyền thông allows people lớn collectively accomplish a goal.

A mother was able lớn find a kidney donor for her sick child by posting a video on her Facebook page. <54>, a science social truyền thông media site, have discovered new planets via crowdsourcing. <55><216> Crowdrise, a social network devoted khổng lồ crowdsourcing volunteers & crowdfunding charity projects, raised $845,989 in the 18 days following Hurricane Sandy. <56><57> The Ice Bucket Challenge fundraising chiến dịch for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) went viral on social media, raising $100.9 million in donations in one month alone. <218> Pencils of Promise used social truyền thông for crowd funding, which has helped the non-profit build 329 schools & educate 33,000 children. <217>

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Pro 18

Social truyền thông provides academic research to a wider audience, allowing many people access to lớn previously unavailable educational resources.

Information previously restricted lớn academia’s “ivory tower” can now be shared with the public who vì chưng not have access to lớn restricted journals or costly databases. Researchers from a wide variety of fields are sharing photos, providing status updates, collaborating with distant colleagues, and finding a wider variety of subjects via social media, making the research process và results more transparent & accessible lớn a larger public. <59><139>

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Pro 19

Corporations và small businesses use social truyền thông to benefit themselves và consumers.

85% of fans of brands on Facebook recommend the brand to others & 71% of mạng internet users are more likely to purchase from a brand that they are following on social media. <220> Almost 90% of big companies using social media have reported “at least one measurable business benefit.” <61> In 2015, 98% of Fortune 500 companies used social media. <219> Amongst these corporations the most popular sites were LinkedIn (used by 93% of companies), Glassdoor (87%), Twitter (78%), Facebook (74%), and YouTube (64%). <219> Benefits for the consumer often include special promotions, hàng hóa information, technical support, và customer service. <221>

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Pro 20

Social truyền thông media offers teachers a platform for collaboration with other teachers & communication with students outside the classroom.

More than 80% of US college và university faculty use social media; more than 1/2 use it for teaching; and 30% for communicating with students. <66> Educators from around the world interact with each other và bring guest teachers, librarians, authors, và experts into class via social truyền thông media sites lượt thích Twitter and social networking tools like Skype. <67><68> Edmodo, an education-specific social networking site designed for contact between students, teachers, và parents, reached over 65.5 million users in 2016. <222>

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Pro 21

Social truyền thông media offers a way for musicians and artists lớn build audiences even if they don’t have a corporate contract.

<70> 64% of teenagers listen to music on YouTube, making it the “hit-maker” for songs rather than radio (56%) or CDs (50%). <71><72> Pop star Justin Bieber was discovered on YouTube when he was 12 years old. In năm 2016 at 22 years old, Bieber’s net worth was estimated at $200 million. <73><223> The National Endowment for the Arts found that people who interact with the arts online through social truyền thông and other means are almost three times more likely khổng lồ attend a live event. <75>

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Pro 22

Colleges và universities use social truyền thông media to recruit và retain students.

96.6% of four-year institutions use Facebook khổng lồ recruit students, 83.4% use Twitter, and 79.3% use YouTube. <183> Colleges và universities use Facebook apps and other social truyền thông tools lớn increase student retention. <77> Social networking sites are also being used to give students a tư vấn system at community colleges that consist mostly of commuter students. <78>

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Pro 23

Social truyền thông media allows for rapid communication during crisis events.

Over one-third of federal, state, & local law enforcement professionals surveyed say that they use social truyền thông to notify the public of emergencies or disasters. <196> Facebook allows users in a crisis region khổng lồ mark themselves as safe and kiểm tra to see that friends and family are safe, <224> such as after the Apr. 2015 Nepal earthquake, the Sep. 2015 Chile earthquake, & the Nov. 2015 Paris terrorist attacks. <225> During the Paris terrorist attacks, Parisians tweeted their personal address alongside the hashtag #PorteOuverte (French for “open door”) to offer shelter to lớn people who were stranded. <225> In the aftermath of the Sydney café hostage situation in nước australia in Dec. 2014, local residents tweeted their routes khổng lồ work with the hashtag #IllRideWithYou lớn offer support to Muslims in fear of an Islamophobic backlash. <226>

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Con 1

Social truyền thông media enables the spread of unreliable & false information.

64% of people who use Twitter for news say that they have encountered something they “later discovered wasn’t true,” and 16% of Twitter news users say that “they had retweeted or posted a tweet they later discovered to be false.” <227> A study published in the journal Science found that lies spread six times faster than the truth on Twitter, và “fake news” is retweeted more often than true news. <278> In the three months prior lớn the năm nhâm thìn US presidential election, false news stories about the two candidates were shared a total of 37.6 million times on Facebook. <269> A federal grand jury indictment announced in Feb. 2018 by special counsel Robert Mueller said that a Russian group created phony social truyền thông media accounts “to reach significant numbers of Americans for purposes of interfering with the U.S. Political system.” <279> A University of Michigan study found that even when false information is corrected, the number of people who see or giới thiệu the correction via social truyền thông is lower than number who saw or shared the false information in the first place. <272>

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Con 2

Social media lacks privacy và exposes users lớn government & corporate intrusions.

81% of people surveyed feel “not very” or “not at all” secure when using social truyền thông sites to chia sẻ private information. <228> 48% of people reported some difficulty in managing their privacy settings. <229> 13 million users said they had not phối or did not know about Facebook’s privacy settings. <81> The US government submitted 36,812 requests for data from Facebook và 7,036 requests from Twitter in 2015, approximately 80% of which were honored at least in part. <230><231> The National Security Agency (NSA) can monitor social truyền thông media activity and read the nội dung of private social truyền thông messages simply by entering a person’s username into their system. <232> Contego Services Group, which specialize in worker compensation claims, has a unit dedicated lớn social media monitoring lớn detect fraud. <233>

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Con 3

Students who are heavy social media users tend to lớn have lower grades.

31% of teens say that using social truyền thông media during homework reduces the quality of their work. <235> Students who used social truyền thông media had an average GPA of 3.06 while non-users had an average GPA of 3.82. <84> Students who used social truyền thông while studying scored 20% lower on tests. <84> College students’ grades dropped 0.12 points for every 93 minutes above the average 106 minutes spent on Facebook per day. <85> One study found that in schools which introduced a ban on cell phones, student performance improved 6.41%. <234> Another found that grades began a steady decline after secondary school students reached 30 minutes of daily screen time. After four hours, average GPAs dropped one full grade. <184>

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Con 4

Social media can lead lớn stress & offline relationship problems.

31% of teens who use social truyền thông media have fought with a friend because of something that happened online. <236> A 2016 study found that overuse of social media as an adolescent may decrease success in relationships later in life as online communication hinders the development of conflict management skills and awareness of interpersonal cues. <247> One study found that the more Facebook friends a person has, the more stressful Facebook is lớn use. <87> Researchers have found that “active Twitter use leads to greater amounts of Twitter-related conflict among thắm thiết partners, which in turn leads lớn infidelity, breakup, và divorce.” <238>

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Con 5

Social truyền thông can entice people khổng lồ waste time.

A survey of internet users aged 16-64 found that the average daily time spent on social media is 1.72 hours, which accounts for 28% of total time spent online. <239> 36% of people surveyed listed social truyền thông media as the “biggest waste of time,” above fantasy sports (25%), watching TV (23%), và shopping (9%). <90> When alerted to new social truyền thông media activity, such as a new tweet or Facebook message, users take 20 to 25 minutes on average khổng lồ return to lớn the original task. In 30% of cases, it took two hours lớn fully return attention to lớn the original task. <91>

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Con 6

Using social media can harm job stability and employment prospects.

Job recruiters reported negative reactions to lớn profanity (63%), poor spelling or grammar (66%), sexual nội dung (70%), và references khổng lồ illegal drugs (83%), guns (51%), and alcohol (44%) on potential employees’ social media. <241> 55% of recruiters report reconsidering hiring applicants based on social media activities. <241> Anthony Weiner, former US Representative, was forced to resign after a Twitter sexting scandal. <93> Curt Schilling, former All-Star pitcher, was fired from ESPN for his Facebook comments about transgender people; he had previously been suspended for a tweet in which he compared radical Muslims to lớn Nazis. <242>

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Con 7

The use of social truyền thông is correlated with personality & brain disorders.

A University of Pittsburgh study found that social truyền thông use was “significantly associated with increased depression” amongst adults aged between 19 và 32. <243> Another study found that addictive social truyền thông use reflected increased narcissistic personality traits. <244> Researchers have found that “interruptions due to lớn phone notifications can cause inattention and hyperactivity in the general population.” <246> A UK government study found that 41% of children who spend over three hours on social media on a normal school day reportedly suffer from mental health difficulties compared with 21% who spend no time on the sites. <245>

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Con 8

Social media causes people khổng lồ spend less time interacting face-to-face.

A USC Annenberg School study found that the percentage of people reporting less face-to-face time with family in their homes rose from 8% in 2000 to 34% in 2011. <98> 32% reported using social truyền thông media or texting during meals (47% of 18-34 year olds) <99> instead of talking with family & friends. 10% of people younger than 25 years old respond to lớn social truyền thông and text messages during sex. <100><173>

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Con 9

Criminals use social truyền thông to commit và promote crimes.

Gangs use the sites to lớn recruit younger members, coordinate violent crimes, & threaten other gangs. <101> Sex offenders use social truyền thông media sites lớn find victims for sexual exploitation. <248><249><253> 78% of burglars “admitted they use Facebook, Twitter, Foursquare, và Google Street View khổng lồ select victims’ properties,” & 54% said that “posting status và whereabouts on social truyền thông media is the most common mistake made by homeowners.” <251> Social media has also led khổng lồ the phenomena of “performance crimes,” so called as participants film their crimes và upload them lớn social media. <250>

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Con 10

Social truyền thông media can endanger the military, journalists, & activists.

The US Army notes that checking in with location based services on social media like Foursquare or Facebook could expose sensitive whereabouts và endanger military personnel và operations. <104> In năm ngoái a freelance journalist and activist was executed by the Islamic State of Iraq và Syria (ISIS) for reporting on life under the regime via Facebook. <252> In 2015 and 2016, a number of Bangladeshi bloggers who posted their thoughts on atheism on social truyền thông were killed by religious fundamentalists who opposed their postings. <254> In 2011, a blogger was found murdered by a Mexican cartel with the chú ý “this happened khổng lồ me for not understanding that I shouldn’t report things on the social networks.” <106><140>

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Con 11

Social truyền thông media harms employees’ productivity.

A global online survey found that 50% of workers kiểm tra or use social truyền thông at least once a day during work hours. <256> A survey of Irish workers found that 78% use a personal device khổng lồ access social media at work. <257> Two-thirds of US workers with Facebook accounts access the site during work hours. <107> Even spending just 30 minutes a day on social truyền thông while at work would cost a 50-person company 6,500 hours of productivity a year. <108> A Pew Research Center study found that 56% of workers who use social media for work-related purposes think it distracts them from the work they need to do. <255>

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Con 12

Social media facilitates cyberbullying.

52% of students have reported being the victim of cyberbullying with 84.2% naming Facebook as the site through which they have been bullied, followed by Instagram (23.4%), Twitter (21.4%), & Snapchat (13.5%). <259> 17.5% of male students và 21.3% of female students have admitted committing bullying behavior online. <259> 54% of teens have witnessed cyberbullying including on sites such as Facebook (39%), Twitter (29%), YouTube (22%), and Instagram (22%). <258> Middle school children who are victims of cyberbullying are almost twice as likely khổng lồ attempt suicide. <46> A 2020 study found 39% of cyberbully victims and 29% of cyberbullies showed signs of PTSD. <297>

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Con 13

Social media enables “sexting,” which can lead lớn criminal charges và the unexpected proliferation of personal images.

Almost 40% of teens report “sexting” – posting or sending sexually suggestive messages – with 22% of teen girls và 18% of teen boys posting nude or semi-nude photos. <261> As a result, teens & adults are being charged with possessing và distributing child pornography, even when the teen took and distributed a photo of him/herself. <113> 88% of private self-produced sexual images posted to lớn social truyền thông media are stolen by pornography websites và disseminated lớn the public, often without the subject’s knowledge. <114>

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Con 14

People who use social truyền thông media are prone to lớn social isolation.

Social truyền thông media can exacerbate feelings of disconnect (especially for youth with disabilities), & put children at higher risk for depression, low self-esteem, và eating disorders. <42> The “passive consumption” of social media (scanning posts without commenting) is related lớn loneliness. <115>

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Con 15

Social truyền thông media aids the spread of hate groups.

A Baylor University study examined Facebook hate groups focused on President Barack Obama & found a resurgence of racial slurs and stereotypes not seen in mainstream truyền thông in decades. <119> A study of English-language Twitter posts found that around 10,000 tweets per day contained racial slurs, 30% of which were deemed derogatory. <264> Social truyền thông can create a “‘radicalization echo chamber’ where followers reinforce for each other extremist propaganda & calls for violence,” says John Carlin, JD, Assistant Attorney General at the Justice Department. <263> The Christian Identity, a faction of the trắng supremacist group Aryan Nations, uses social media to recruit members <121>, & Die Auserwahlten, a skinhead crew founded in Nebraska, was created by people who had met each other on social media. <264>

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Con 16

Children may endanger themselves by not understanding the public & viral nature of social media.

The 2012 film Project X, about an out of control high school house buổi tiệc nhỏ due to lớn social media promotion, prompted copycat parties across the US resulting in arrests for vandalism, criminal trespassing, & other offenses. <122> Up lớn 600 Dutch riot police had khổng lồ be called in to lớn break up a teen’s birthday tiệc nhỏ to which about 30,000 people were accidentally invited after a Facebook post thought to be private went viral. <123> A similar incident happened in Los Angeles and resulted in the teen host beaten and hospitalized. <124>

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Con 17

Social truyền thông enables cheating on school assignments.

Students in California, thủ đô new york City, and Houston posted photos of standardized tests lớn social truyền thông sites, allowing students who had not yet taken the tests khổng lồ see the questions (and potentially find answers) ahead of time. <82> The SAT has had similar problems with students posting parts of the exam khổng lồ social media. <125><126> In Mar. 2015, two students in Maryland were accused of cheating on the 10th grade Common core tests by posting questions on Twitter. Pearson, a company that administers standardized tests, identified 76 cases of students posting demo materials online spanning six states in the first three months of 2015. <185>

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Con 18

Social truyền thông sites’ advertising practices may constitute an invasion of privacy.

An ExactTarget marketing report tells companies, “When a user clicks on a lượt thích button belonging to your brand, you’re immediately granted access lớn additional information about this customer, from school affiliation and workplace information khổng lồ their birthdate và other things they like… arketers can access and leverage data in ways that will truly alarm customers.” <127> From social truyền thông media sites, simple algorithms can determine where you live, sexual orientation, personality traits, signs of depression, and alma maters among other information, even if users put none of those data on their social media profiles. <128>

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Con 19

Social truyền thông media can facilitate inappropriate student-teacher relationships.

The Texas Education Agency (TEA) opened 222 cases about “inappropriate relationships” between educators & students in the 2015-16 school year; 86 cases were investigated in 2007-2008 and education experts blame the rise of social media for this increase. <124><265> Pamela Casey, a District Attorney in Alabama who has prosecuted teachers who had relationships with students, says that social truyền thông adds to lớn the problem: “We say & do things on social media and cell phones that we wouldn’t say & do in person… As a result, there’s a wall that’s been removed.” <130><186>

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Con 21

Using social truyền thông can harm students’ chances for college admission.

College administrators scan Facebook profiles for evidence of illegal behavior by students. <134><135> A 2018 Kaplan demo Prep survey found that 25% of college admissions officers checked an applicant’s social truyền thông media to learn more about them, up from 10% in 2008 but down from a high of 40% in 2015. <287> 42% of these admissions officers discovered information that had a negative impact on prospective students’ admission chances. <76><266> In 2014, only 3% of students surveyed believed the content of their social truyền thông presence could hurt their prospects of admission. <76>

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Con 22

Social truyền thông media posts cannot be completely deleted and all information posted can have unintended consequences.

The Library of Congress has been archiving all public tweets from Twitter’s Mar. 2006 inception forward. <267> Information about an affair posted on Facebook, for example, can lead to and be used against someone in divorce proceedings because the information, once posted, can never be completely deleted. 81% of members of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers (AAML) said that they have seen in a rise in the use of social media as evidence in divorce proceedings with Facebook being cited as the primary source in 66% of divorce cases. <268>

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Con 23

Social truyền thông users are vulnerable lớn security attacks such as hacking, identity theft, và viruses.

Social media sites vì not scan messages for viruses or phishing scams, leading lớn large-scale problems lượt thích the virus Steckt.Evl spread from Facebook’s chat window. <138> 68% of social truyền thông users share their birth date publicly, 63% tóm tắt their high school name, 18% giới thiệu their phone number, 12% cốt truyện a pet’s name; each of those pieces of information is frequently used for account security verification & can be used for identity theft. <103>

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Did You Know?
1. Social truyền thông sites are one of the đứng top news sources for 46% of Americans, compared lớn 66% for television, 26% for printed newspapers, and 23% for radio. <192>
2. Students who used social networking sites while studying scored 20% lower on tests & students who used social truyền thông media had an average GPA of 3.06 versus non-users who had an average GPA of 3.82. <84>
3. A 2018 Kaplan thử nghiệm Prep survey found that 25% of college admissions officers checked an applicant"s social media to learn more about them, up from 10% in 2008 but down from a high of 40% in 2015. 42% of these admissions officers discovered information that had a negative impact on prospective students" admission chances. <287>
4. 81% of teens age 13 lớn 17 reported that social truyền thông makes them feel more connected to lớn the people in their lives, and 68% said using it makes them feel supported in tough times. <288>
5. Worldwide, people spent a daily average of 2 hours & 23 minutes on social media in 2019, up from about 1 hour 30 minutes in 2012. With a daily average of 4 hours 1 minute, the Philippines logged the most time on social truyền thông of any other country, followed by Brazil at 3 hours 45 minutes. <286>




Are These Good for Society?
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE - Proponents say AI can improve workplace safety. Opponents say it poses dangerous privacy risks.
CANCEL CULTURE - Proponents say cancel culture allows people lớn seek accountability. Opponents say it amounts lớn online bullying.
UBER và LYFT - Proponents say ride-sharing apps are convenient & safe. Opponents say they increase traffic congestion and total vehicle miles traveled.

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